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Hold'em Glossary

In addition to the definitions below, this site uses common abbreviations for certain cards (A=Ace, K=King, Q=Queen, J=Jack, T=Ten) and sometimes 's' for Suited or 'o' for Off Suit/Unsuited.
  • Antes - An initial required bet. In Hold'em, there are blinds instead of antes. See Blinds for more info.
  • Bet - To add money to the pot and therefore requiring everyone else in the hand to either match your bet, raise your bet (betting again) or fold.
  • Blinds - This is similar to an ante. In Hold'em, there are usually two blind bets. The player to the left of the dealer is called the small blind and posts 1/2 of the initial required bet. The player to the left of the small blind is the big blind and posts the initial required bet. Then after the first two cards are dealt, betting begins to the left of the big blind (since the big blind has already posted a bet).
  • Board - The community cards that are dealt and used by all the players. In the end, 5 cards are dealt on the board.
  • Buck - See Dealer Button.
  • Button - See Dealer Button.
  • Call - To put in the required amount in order to stay in the hand, without raising.
  • Check - To pass without betting when no one before you has bet.
  • Dealer Button - A symbolic disc to represent who is the dealer, since most games have a professional dealer dealing all the hands. The location of the Dealer Button is important to where the blinds are and where the dealing of cards begins for each hand.
  • Fifth Street - See River.
  • Fixed Limit - Many Texas Hold'em games are fixed limit (vs. no limit). The names of the games are labeled by the amounts of the limits. In a $2/$4 game, the first two betting rounds have $2 betting limits per bet and the latter two rounds have a $4 betting limit per bet. Fixed Limit is the opposite of No Limit, where players can bet any amount they wish.
  • Flop - After the first two cards are dealt face down and the initial betting round has finished, three community cards are dealt face up in the center of the table. These first three cards are known as the flop.
  • Fold - When a player does not want to post the required bet to stay in the hand, he/she may return their cards to the dealer (fold) and be out of the hand.
  • Fourth Street - See Turn.
  • Kicker - When comparing two hands of the same quality (both 2 pairs), the next highest card in the hand that is not part of the made hand is used to determine the winner. This high, unused card is known as the kicker.
  • No Limit - In a no limit game, there is no limit on how much a player can bet or raise. The minimum is usually determined by the current blind, however a player can bet anything up to the full amount in front of them. When a player bets all their chips, they have gone "all in."
  • Nut Hand (Nuts) - The best hand there can be. A nut flush is an Ace high flush. A nut straight is the highest possible straight that can be made using the cards on the board. The nut hand is the best possible hand that can be made using the cards on board (can sometimes be 4 of a kind or full house if there is a pair on board)
  • Post (a bet) - To put a bet on the table and into play.
  • Raise - After someone has bet, the following players may raise (bet again) on top of the initial bet, raising the required amount for people to stay in the hand.
  • Rank of Hands in order of priority
    • Straight Flush - 5 suited cards in sequential order (i.e. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 all clubs)
    • Four of a Kind - 4 cards of the same rank (i.e. J of clubs, J of diamonds, J of spades, J of hearts)
    • Full House - 1 pair and 1 three of a kind in the same hand (i.e. J, J, J, K, K)
    • Flush - 5 cards of the same suit in any order (i.e. 3, 7, 9, J, Q all spades)
    • Straight - 5 cards in sequential order (i.e. 7, 8, 9, T, J)
    • Three of a Kind - 3 cards of the same rank (i.e. 7, 7, 7, any other 2 cards)
    • Two Pair - 2 different pairs in the same hand (i.e. 4, 4, 9, 9, any other card)
    • Pair - 2 cards of the same rank (i.e. 5, 5, any other 3 cards)
    • High Card - when none of the above hands can be made, the highest card in the hand determines the winner.
  • Ring Games - Traditional cash games with fixed antes/blinds. The opposite of a Tournament, where there is a single buy-in and players compete for a top prize.
  • River - The final community card that is dealt. This fifth card ends the dealing of the cards and begins the final round of betting. Also referred to as ‘fifth street.’
  • Showdown - After all the cards are dealt and the betting has completed, the players show their cards and the winner is decided.
  • Slowplay - To purposely act as if you have a lesser hand on earlier rounds to deceive the other players in preparation for playing more aggressively on later betting rounds
  • Street - Commonly referred to as “fourth street” or “fifth street”, the street is the card number that is being played. Fifth street, for example, is when the 5th card (or River Card) is played.
  • Suited - Cards of the same suit (i.e. all hearts)
  • Trips - Same as Three of a kind (some people consider Trips only if you have a pair in your hand and one on the board)
  • Turn - The fourth community card that is dealt. This is the first round of betting with the higher limit, in a fixed limit game. Also referred to as ‘fourth street.’
  • Unsuited - Cards of different suits (i.e. one heart and one club)
For an excellent resource on poker lingo visit Michael Wiesenberg's Poker Dictionary

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